Facts about Pakistan

National Assets

  • The name Pakistan means ‘land of the pure’ in Persian and Urdu; the country’s official name is ‘Islamic Republic of Pakistan’. It Borders with Afghanistan, China, India and Iran.

  • World’s largest Deep Sea Port is Gwadar where ‘China Pakistan Economic Corridor’ (CPEC) is in process.

  • Pakistan’s current population is over 200 million, increasing with a ratio of baby being born in Pakistan every seven seconds. Almost 55% of Pakistan’s population is literate and this ratio is increasing fast.

  • Majority Religion of Pakistan is Islam amounting to approx. 96 %, while the rest includes Hindus, Sikh, and Christians.

  • More than 60 languages are spoken in Pakistan. However the National Language of Pakistan is Urdu, while it’s Official Language is English.

  • Pakistan’s national anthem is written in Persian Language and one word of Urdu, sounds as ‘ka’. Its tune ranks first in the top three tunes of the world.

  • Pakistan’s National Fruit is Mango; National Flower is Jasmine; National Animal is Markhor; and National Bird is Chukar Partridge. The National Drink of Pakistan is Sugarcane juice; it is locally called as ‘Roh’.

  • World’s Highest Mountain Peak K2 is in Pakistan.

  • The ‘Kheora Salt Mine’ in Pakistan is the Largest and Oldest Salt Mine in the world.

  • Tharr is World’s 17th Largest Desert, and the world’s 9th largest subtropical desert. Tharparkar desert – located in Sindh province is the only fertile desert in the world.

  • The world’s longest glacial system outside the Polar Regions – the Biafo Glacier – is in Pakistan.

  • Shandur Top is the highest Polo Ground in the World situated at an elevation of 3,700 meters (12, 200 feet). It is a picturesque location with beautiful lakes and sky high mountains on all the sides of the valley.

  • Heleji Lake located in Thatta district, Sindh Pakistan is Asia’s Largest Bird Sanctuary.


  • According to poll results gathered from 125 countries by the Institute of European Business Administration, Pakistanis are the fourth-most intelligent people in the world. World’s 7th largest Pool of Scientists and Engineers is from Pakistan.

  • Karakoram Highway (KKH) is ‘World’s Highest Paved International Road’ under world’s toughest terrain. It is often described as “The Eighth Wonder of the World” due to the marvel of civil engineering. It has taken 15 years to complete by the Pakistan Army Engineers in collaboration with China. It runs through the northern areas connecting Pakistan with China’s Xingjian province.

  • Educational achievements - The Cambridge exams of both A and O levels have been topped by Pakistani students and this is a record yet to be broken.

  • Listed in Guinness Book of World Record 1997 the Largest Volunteer Private Ambulance Network in the World is Pakistani EDHI Ambulance Network (115).

  • Constructed in 1968; the Largest Earth Filled Dam in the World (and second largest by structural volume) is Tarbela Dam on the Indus River in Pakistan.

  • Asia’s biggest Railway Station and Engine Shed are in Pakistan.

  • World’s Fourth largest Broadband Internet System is in Pakistan

  • Pakistan irrigates three times more land area than Russia.

  • World’s Largest Canal-based Irrigation System is in Pakistan. Out of the total land area in Pakistan, 25% is under agricultural cultivation. .

  • Pakistan is ranked 25th in terms of overall agricultural production with chickpeas on top, 5th in Mangoes, 6th in Dates, 8th in Rice, 9th in Wheat and 10th in Orange production in the world.

  • World’s largest and oldest manmade forest ‘Changa Manga’ is in Pakistan.

  • Pakistan is one the Biggest Exporters of Surgical Equipment and Instruments around the world.

  • About 50% of the world’s hand-sewed footballs are manufactured in Sialkot Pakistan. Local factories in the region produce 40-60 million footballs a year, which is roughly 50-70% of the world’s total production.

Militant Strength

  • Nuclear Power - Pakistan is the first Islamic country to attain Nuclear Power.

  • Missile Technology - Pakistan missile technology is one of the best in the world. The country made a lot of missiles in a very little time since they became a nuclear power. Their missiles are acknowledged as one of the best in the world.

  • Super power - In terms of superpowers of the world, Pakistan is ranked number 9th in the list. It is because of its nuclear power, missile technology, economic growth and having the 6th largest army of the world. This is something which really makes the Pakistanis proud of the achievement.

  • Jet fighters manufacturing - Pakistan is a proud manufacturer of one of the best jet fighters of the world. They have produced the mighty JF-17 Thunder fighter jet which the country now is exporting as well.

  • Pakistan has the sixth largest standing Military Force in the world. It has over 642,000 people in its army. UN Peacekeeping Missions are supported largely by the Pakistani army.n.

  • Pakistan is notable for having one of the best trained Air-Force Pilots in the world. Air Commodore MM Alam (Late) has almost an unbreakable world record of shooting down 5 planes in less than a Minute.


  • First PC virus was created by the two Pakistani brothers.

Political Environment

Pakistan is a developing country where democracy is sobbing by clear domination of few families ruling since decades. The current political situation is very unstable due to ambiguous and malevolent policies of government along with self-indulgent and immature character of opposition. The country is facing many serious challenges on social grounds as well which include discrimination on the basis of Gender, Class, Religion and Race.

The Pakistan's current political crises, is the most horrific tussle among its top institutions, has morphed grievous consequent deadlocks for the running of the affairs of the state. It is notable that various malpractices such as horse-trading, nepotism, bribery, illegal obligations and other forms of corruption are very common among Pakistani politicians. They promote their personal interests, and show total callousness towards plight of their voters. The elite leadership despite having been empowered by the masses through a democratic process has developed vicious aversion, disgusting dislike, malicious vindictiveness and insensitivity against general public, they actually represent. Political leadership is busy in power grabbing process, while the poor suffer under hard environment where healthy food, clean drinking water, respectable shelter, justice, education and health care facilities are totally non-existent.

Economic Environment

Undoubtedly, in Pakistan, corruption is a significant obstacle for good governance, supremacy of law, and rational use of authority to run the affairs of state and to maintain public cohesion and national harmony. Unfortunately, corrupt practices and misuse of public office lead to general frustration, opening windows of protest with sense of dissent, disapproval and conflict against the governing authority. It is our misfortune that rampant corruption in the country has infected the entire edifice of national institutions, while the rule of law appears to have been totally disregarded. Consequently few parasites devouringly consume best of resources, while the poor majority remains repressed and victimized under hard economic conditions.

The reason behind chaotic situation faced by Pakistan is selection of dishonest, unqualified and corrupt people to secure seats on the place of dominance. There are large number of people either voting under influence or do not vote at all, women and youth have been largely affected with this factor. The former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was found guilty in recent Panama Scandal. He is removed from the Premiership of the Country as well as his own party Pakistan Muslim League (Nawaz Sharif Group).

Social Environment

Pakistan is a patriarchal society where men are the primary authority figures and women are subordinate. Patriarchal values embedded in local traditions, religion and culture predetermine the social value of gender. Role of women has been curtailed to mere reproductive and private arena, permanently negating their role as producers, providers and breadwinners. Youth contributes 63% of total population of Pakistan and are social actors of change and progress. Their contribution and participation in the national development is highly needed. There are a lot of problems faced by women, persecution, domestic violence; rapes often go unreported due to the stigma associated with them. Very few policies are made and considered for women. Former Military President Mr Musharraf introduced Women Rights Bill which was critically challenged by religious organizations and soon after his government was over, this bill was retracted as the if it was the first priority. Women have weak representation in the parliament. They need a strong voice which can be women themselves, and instead of trusting someone whom they don't know they need to come out and elect the person to choose a right candidate who can represent them at all public forums i.e. the parliament, in developing policies and safeguarding their best interests.